Wendy L. Applequist, Ph.D.
Associate Curator
Wm. L. Brown Center
Missouri Botanical Garden
P.O. Box 299
St. Louis, MO 63166-0299

office phone: + 1-314-577-0267
fax: +1-314-577-0800
email: wendy.applequist@mobot.org

Ph.D., Iowa State University, 1999
B.S., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1994



General Research Interests

  • Identification, quality control, and systematics of medicinal plants

  • Malagasy flora

  • Molecular systematics

  • Botanical nomenclature

Research Emphases

  • Revisionary and phylogenetic studies in Portulacaceae, Dombeya, and Homalium and related genera

  • Characterization of botanical materials for biomedical research

  • Chemical variability within and among medicinal plant species

Selected Publications

  • Applequist, W.L., and D.E. Moerman. 2011. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.): a neglected panacea? A review of ethnobotany, bioactivity, and biomedical research. Economic Botany 65:209–225.
  • Applequist, W.L. 2011. Proposal to conserve the name Ligusticum californicum (Apiaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 59:1288–1289.
  • Applequist, W.L., M. Callmander, G. Davidse, A. Sennikov, M. Thulin, P. Vorster, and G. Yatskievych. 2010. Apportionment of institutional votes for the Nomenclature Section: a rebuttal to Smith & al. Taxon 59:1567–1570.
  • Applequist, W. L. 2009. A revision of the Malagasy endemic Helmiopsis (Malvaceae s.l.). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 96: 521–540.
  • Applequist, W. L. 2009. Two new species of Dombeya (Malvaceae) from Madagascar. Novon 19: 289–294.
  • Applequist, W. L., H. Johnson, and G. Rottinghaus. 2008. (+)-Catechin, (-)-epicatechin, and gallic acid content of seeds of hybrid grapes hardy in Missouri. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 59:98–102.
  • Thomas, A. L., P. L. Byers, C. E. Finn, Y.-C. Chen, G. E. Rottinghaus, A. M. Malone, and W. L. Applequist. 2008. Occurrence of rutin and chlorogenic acid in elderberry leaf, flower, and stem in response to genotype, environment, and season. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS) 765:197–206.
  • Applequist, W. L., D. J. McGlinn, M. Miller, Q. G. Long, and J. S. Miller. 2007. How well do herbarium data predict the location of present populations? A test using Echinacea species in Missouri. Biodiversity and Conservation 16:1397–1407.
  • Hildreth, J., E. Hrabeta-Robinson, W. Applequist, and J. Betz. 2007. Standard operating procedure for the collection and preparation of voucher plant specimens for use in the nutraceutical industry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 389:13–17.
  • Thomas, A. L., G. E. Rottinghaus, J. K. Tracy, W. L. Applequist, B. E. Schweitzer, L. J. Havermann, S. F. Woodbury, J. S. Miller, M. R. Ellersieck, R. J. Crawford, Jr., and D. Gray. 2007. Occurrence of 23-epi-26-deoxyactein and cimiracemoside A in various black cohosh tissues throughout the growing season. HortScience 42:535–539.
  • Applequist, W., illustrated by B. Alongi. 2006. The identification of medicinal plants: a handbook of the morphology of botanicals in commerce. American Botanical Council, Austin, TX.
  • Applequist, W. L., B. Avula, B. T. Schaneberg, Y.-H. Wang, and I. A. Khan. 2006. Comparative fatty acid content of seeds of four Cucurbita species grown in a common (shared) garden. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19: 606–611.
  • Applequist, W. L., W. L. Wagner, E. A. Zimmer, and M. Nepokroeff. 2006. Molecular evidence resolving the systematic position of Hectorella (Portulacaceae). Systematic Botany 31:310–319.
  • Miller, J. S., and W. L. Applequist. 2006. Research grade botanicals: issues in dietary supplement research. Acta Horticulturae 720:49–58.
  • Applequist, W. L. 2005. A revision of the Malagasy endemic Talinella (Portulacaceae). Adansonia, sér. 3, 27:47–80.
  • Applequist, W. L. 2005. Root anatomy of Ligusticum species (Apiaceae) sold as osha compared to that of potential contaminants. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants 11(3):1–11.
  • Applequist, W. L., and D. B. Pratt. 2005. The Malagasy endemic Dendroportulaca (Portulacaceae) is referable to Deeringia (Amaranthaceae): molecular and morphological evidence. Taxon 54:681–687.
  • Applequist, W. L. 2003. Rhizome and root anatomy of potential contaminants of Actaea racemosa L. (black cohosh). Flora 198:358–365.
  • Applequist, W. L., and R. S. Wallace. 2003. Expanded circumscription of Didiereaceae and its division into three subfamilies. Adansonia, sér. 3, 25:13–16.
  • Applequist, W. L. 2002. A reassessment of the nomenclature of Matricaria L. and Tripleurospermum Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae). Taxon 51:757–761.
  • Applequist, W. L., and R. S. Wallace. 2002. Deletions in the plastid trnT-trnL intergenic spacer define clades within Cactaceae subfamily Cactoideae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 231:153–162.
  • Schaneberg, B. T., W. L. Applequist, and I. A. Khan. 2002. Determination of aristolochic acid I and II in North American species of Asarum and Aristolochia. Pharmazie 57:686–689.
  • Applequist, W. L., R. Cronn, and J. F. Wendel. 2001. Comparative development of fiber in wild and cultivated cotton. Evolution and Development 3(1):1–15.
  • Applequist, W. L., and R. S. Wallace. 2001. Phylogeny of the portulacaceous cohort based on ndhF sequence data. Systematic Botany 26(2):406–419.
  • Applequist, W. L., and R. S. Wallace. 2000. Phylogeny of the Madagascan endemic family Didiereaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 221:157–166.

Updated 12/20/11.

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